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 栏目类别:知识点 >> 初中 >> 英语

suggest的用法及意思

更新时间:2018-5-20 13:24:00  手机版

  suggest的用法及意思,动词suggest有如下一些用法:

  一、 有"建议"的意思.advise, propose 也有此义,请比较它们用法的异同:

  1) 都可接名词作宾语

  She suggested / advised / proposed an early start. 她建议早一点出发.

  We suggested / advised / proposed a visit to the museum the next day. 我们建议明天去参观博物馆.

  2) 都可接动名词作宾语

  I suggested / advised / proposed putting off the sports meet. 我建议将运动会延期.

  They suggested / advised / proposed waiting until the proper time. 他们建议(我们)等到恰当的时机才行动.

  3) 都可接that 宾语从句,that从句用should+动词原形,should可以省略.

  She suggested / advised / proposed that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她建议班会不要在星期六举行.

  We suggested / advised / proposed that he (should) go and make an apology to his teacher. 我们建议他去向老师道歉.

  4) advise 可接动词不定式复合宾语,propose 可接不定式作宾语.

  I advised him to give up the foolish idea. = I suggested / proposed his / him giving up the foolish idea. 我建议他放弃那愚蠢的念头.(suggest和propose在口语里可接动名词的复合宾语).

  We proposed to start early. = We proposed starting early. 我们建议早一点出发.(接不定式不用suggest和advise)

  二、 有"提出"的意思.如:

  He suggested a different plan to his boss. 他向老板提出了一个不同的计划.

  Xiao Wang suggested a way to solve the problem. 小王提出了一个解决这个问题的办法.

  三、 有"暗示、表明"的意思.其主语往往是事物,而不是人.

  1)接名词或动名词作宾语.

  The simple house suggested a modest income. 这座简朴的房子表明(房主的)收入并不高.

  Her pale face suggested bad health. 她脸色苍白,看来身体不好.

  The thought of summer suggests swimming. 一想到夏天就使人们联想到游泳.

  2)接宾语从句,从句用陈述语气.如:

  The decision suggested that he might bring his family. 这个决定表明他可以把家属带来.

  The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry. 他脸上的表情表明他很生气.

  四、 在主语从句It is suggested that... 及名词suggestion 后面表示具体建议的表语从句、同位语从句都应用should+动词原形,should可以省略.如:

  It was suggested that we (should) give a performance at the party. 人们建议我们在晚会上表演节目.

  His suggestion was that the debts (should) be paid off first. 他的建议是先把债务还清.

  The doctors made a suggestion that the new hospital (should) not be set up on the hill. 医生们建议不要把新医院建在山上.

  知识总结:Suggest句式容易出错,使用的时候需要注意

  这几天天气开始冷了,又到了吃火锅的日子了,肯定会有很多人建议去吃火锅什么的。那提建议的话用英语该怎么说呢?比如“我提议去饭店吃午饭”是不是应该说“I suggest to go to a restaurant for lunch”。再比如“我提议Peter替我们定位”是不是“I suggest Peter to book a table for us”。那这两句对不对呢?

  如果用中文来想,这两句都没有错。但问题在于“Suggest”这个词的用法是不应该带不定式“To”的,它应该带动名词,就是在动词后加“ing”,这与上次讲的“Dream”有类似的用法。所以第一句应该是“I suggest going to a restaurant for lunch”。这就是说,如果说“提议去做什么”,都不需要用“To”。比如:

  “I suggest going to the park”

  “我提议去公园”

  “He suggests waiting until the rain stops”

  “他提议等到雨停为止”

  那么第二句“我提议Peter替我们订位”是不是可以改为“I suggest Peter booking a table for us”呢?这是不可以的,凡是“Suggest”后面,接宾语从句的话,就要用动词的原型,不应该用动名词。也就是说这句应该改为“I suggest Peter book a table for us”。但是我们要留意“Peter”前面可以加“That”,而“Book”前面可以加“Should”。就算“Suggest”加“ed”,后面的动词要用动词的原型,不应该加“ed”。

  那如果我说“He suggests me to get a job in a bank”,这又对不对呢?这也是错的,总之,“Suggest”不能够和宾语加动词不定式的结构一起用,也就是“Suggest”后面可以加“ing”形式或“That”的从句。我们可以改为“He suggests that I get a job in a bank”,“I”后面有没有“Should”都可以。

  也可以改为“He suggets getting a job in a bank”,但是这里没有“我”,我们可以在“Getting”前面加上“My”。比如“我提议你申请那份工作”,如果要用“ing”形式,又要保留“你”的意思,可以说“I suggest your applying for the job”。而如果用“You”当做“Your”,是非正式用法。当然,最好用“That”的从句,成为“I suggest that you apply for the job”。再多几个例子,比如:

  “I suggest that we leave early for the airport”

  “我提议我们早点去机场”

  “Mary suggested that he should wear a jacket”

  “Mary提议他穿件外套”

  如果有信心不会用错的话,就可以不用“That”和不用“Should”,最保险的就是又加“That”又加“Should”。

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