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 栏目类别:知识点 >> 小学 >> 英语

固定搭配

  固定搭配:

  即不完全按照词组搭配的词性规则,约定俗称的固定组合方式。

  小学常见固定搭配讲解:

  (1)would like 意为“想,想要”,与want意义相同,但语气更委婉。

  would like可与任何人称连用,没有人称和数的变化,肯定句中would常在主语后面缩写为’d。

  A、肯定句:主语+ would like

  I'd like two sweaters for my daughters. 我想给我的女儿们买两件毛衣。

  I would like to drop maths. 我想放弃数学。

  B、一般疑问句:Would +主语+ like?

  回答是的两种结构:Yes, please. / No, thanks.

  — Would you like a cup of tea? 你想要喝茶吗?

  — Yes, please. 好的。/ No, thanks. 不用了,谢谢。

  C、特殊疑问句:疑问词+ would + 主语+ like?

  What would you like me to do? 你想要我干什么?

  基本用法:

  A、would like sth. “想要某物”。如:

  — Would you like a cup of tea? 你想要喝茶吗?

  — Yes, please. 好的。/ No, thanks. 不用了,谢谢。

  B、would like to do sth. “想要做某事”。如:

  — Would you like to go shopping with me? 你想和我一起去购物吗?

  — Yes, I’d like to. 好的,我想去。

  — I’d like to, but I have to do my homework. 我想去,但是我要做作业。

  C、would like sb to do sth. “想要某人做某事”。

  Jim would like his friend to help him with his English. 吉姆想要他的朋友帮助他学习英语。

  (2)too……to:

  “ too+形容词/副词+动词不定式”结构简称为“too……to”结构。

  这种结构是英语中常用的一种句型,在大多数情况下表示否定意义,在翻译时,通常可译为“太……而不能……”、“太……无法……”。

  A、too+adj. / adv.+to do这个句型是too……to的最基本的常用句型。too+形容词或副词,有时too后也可跟一个起形容词作用的过去分词。

  例:The boy is too young to go to school. 这男孩年龄太小,不能上学。

  The hat is too large to wear. 这帽子太大,没法戴。

  The tea is too hot to drink. 茶太热,不能喝。

  B、too+adj. / adv.+for sb. / sth. to do 在“too……to”结构中加上一个for sb ./ sth.以提示动词不定式的逻辑主语,可以起到一定的限制作用,即限制不定式所表示的动作行为只是就它的逻辑主语而言的,对于其他人或物则不一定是这样,这就使句子意思更具体、明白。

  例:English is too difficult for me to learn well. 英语太难,我学不好。(具体指出谁学不好,只是我学不好,可能别人学得好。)

  This box is too heavy for me to carry. 这个箱子太重,我搬不动。

  It's too late for us to catch the early bus. 太晚了,我们赶不上那趟早班公共汽车了。

  小学常用英语固定搭配:

  一.牛津小学英语涉及的动词不定式:

  It’s time to do.该做某事了。

  want to do=would like to do 想要做某事

  go /come to do  去/来做某事

  how to do     怎样做某事

  try to do     试着做某事

  need to do    需要做某事

  forget to do  忘记做某事

  二.动名词

  No + doing 禁止做某事

  like doing 喜欢做某事

  How about doing…? 做某事怎么样

  see sb.doing sth. 看见某人正在干某事

  三.其余常用固定词组:

  1.like+名词复数                          (喜欢某物)

  like doing /like to do                    (喜欢做某事)

  2.would like sth.=want sth.              (想要某物)

  would like to + do=want to + do   (想要做某事)

  3.

  ① know a lot about sth. (了解很多关于…)

  ②talk to sb. about sth.   (和某人谈论某事)

  ③talk about  sth.            (谈论某事)

  ④talk to /with sb.              (和某人交谈)

  ⑤ask sb.questions about sth.(问某人关于某事的问题)

  ⑥ask sb. to do sth.      (要求某人做某事)

  ⑦ tell sb. about sth.   (告诉某人关于某事)

  ⑧ help sb.(to) do sth.  (帮助某人做某事)

  ⑨ let sb. do sth.            (让某人做某事)

  4.

  ①give sb. sth.=give sth. to sb. (给某人某物--把某物给某人)

  ②show sb. sth. =show sth. to sb.(给某人看某物--把某物给某人看)

  ③buy sb. sth.= buy sth. for sb. (为某人买某物—买某物给某人)

  5.pick it/them up  把它(它们)捡起    (it, them 只能放中间)

  pick the book up = pick up the book 把书捡起 (具体东西可放中间也可放后面)

  6.时间表达法:

  at + 钟点(还有些固定搭配at night)

  on +具体某一天(如星期几,星期几上午下午或几月几号)

  in +月份或年(还有些固定搭配如 in themorning/afternoon/evening)

  7. a lot of = lots of = many (许多,用于可数名词)

  a lot of = lots of = much (许多,用于不可数名词)

  8. excited  (某人) 激动的,兴奋的   exciting (某物,某事)令人激动的,令人兴奋的)

  9. look for (寻找)注重过程  find(找到)注重结果

  look at 看着   look after照料    look around 环顾

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