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中考补全对话题解题方法和技巧

  一、考查类型

  “补全对话”通常是在某个情景交际场景中,补全对上句问题的回答或者是补全下句所回答问题的提问。常见的考查类型有:填写单词补全对话;填写句子补全对话;选单词或短语补全对话;选句子补全对话。近两年来,在设题方面,补全对话题的主观性和开放性有所增强,各地中考越来越多地采用其中前两种开放性的、非选择性的主观性试题。

  (一)填写单词补全对话

  中考实例:

  (2015年南宁卷)请根据对话内容,在下面的空白处填入适当的词,使对话完整与正确。每空一词。

  A: Wake up, Mum! Smoke! There is a fire in the kitchen.

  B: Oh, my God! 81 the fire station right now.

  A: What should we do 82 the firemen arrive?

  B: Stay calm. Wet a towel (毛巾) and 83

  your mouth with it. And keep 84 of the fires.

  A: OK! Can we take a lift?

  B: Of course 85 , baby! Come on! This way, downstairs!

  A: Look, Mum! Here come the firemen! Were safe now.

  试题解析:

  通读全文可以了解,本段对话考查的交际项目是“火灾消防”。其中设空处都与“火灾中怎样自救”有关。

  81. 根据句意可知此处是祈使句。根据上句“There is a fire in the kitchen.”的语境可知,此处应该是立刻打电话报警。答案为Call。

  82. 此句是特殊疑问句。句意为:在消防员到来之前我们应该做什么?答案为before。

  83. 此处用的是祈使句。句意为:保持冷静,把毛巾弄湿,用它把嘴捂上。答案为cover。

  84. 短语keep out of ... 意为“使不进入,置身……之外,躲开”。答案为out。

  85. 根据上文“This way, downstairs!”得知,这里指“当然不要(乘电梯)”。答案为not。

  (二)填写句子补全对话

  中考实例:

  (2015年长沙卷)情景交际 阅读下面的对话,根据上下文补全对话内容。

  A: Hey, Frank! 71. _______________?

  B: Pretty good.

  A: Did you have fun last weekend?

  B: 72. _______________. I went to the old peoples house with my friends and had a good time.

  A: Wow! What did you do there?

  B: We helped the old clean their houses and chatted with them. How about you?

  A: I just read a science magazine.

  B: Oh, really? 73. _________________?

  A: Hum ... it is about the main causes of smog (雾霾) and ways to beat it.

  B: Great! But 74. __________________?

  A: We can live a greener life by using cleaner energy to solve the problem, I think.

  B: You do?

  A: Yes, natural gas is a good choice. By the way, 75. ___________________?

  B: Its 7:45 now.

  A: Oh, God. Hurry up or well be late.

  B: OK.

  试题解析:

  通读全文可知,本段对话考查的内容侧重学习生活、时事的讨论,其场景贴近生活实际,体现了中考英语越来越注重考查实际运用能力的趋势。

  71. 根据下文“Pretty good!”可知,此空应是询问对方最近的情况。答案为How is it going。

  72. 上文是一般疑问句,询问“你上个周末玩得高兴吗”,根据下文had a good time可知,此处为肯定回答。答案为Yes (, I did)。

  73. 根据上文“I just read a science magazine.”和下文“... it is about the main causes of smog (雾霾)”可知,此空格提问的内容是“这本科学杂志是关于哪方面的”。答案为What is it about。

  74. 根据答句“We can live a greener life by ...”可知,此处应该填一个由how引导的询问方式的特殊疑问句。答案为how can we live a greener life或how to live a greener life。

  75. 根据答句“Its 7:45 now.”可知,此题是在询问时间,故答案为what time is it now或whats the time now。

  (三)选择单词和短语补全对话

  中考实例:

  (2015年南京卷)根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空,使对话内容完整正确。

  [why hottest each other washing away

  similar to ]

  A: Guess what? Im going to Chiang Mai next week.

  B: Wow, sounds like fun! But I believe that April is the 51 month of the year there.

  A: Yes, thats true. But theres a water festival there from April 13th to 15th.

  B: I wonder if its 52 the Water Festival of the Dai people in Yunnan Province.

  A: Yes, I think so. This is the time of the Thai New Year. People go on the streets to throw water at 53 .

  B: Cool! But 54 do they do that?

  A: Because the new year is a time for cleaning and 55 bad things. Then youll have good luck in the new year.

  试题解析:

  通读全文,该段对话以“泼水节”为话题。题目共设有5个空格,备选词语也刚好5组。只要我们能读懂大意,做这道题不会太难。

  51. 对话开头谈到“下星期我要到(泰国)清迈去”,此空前面是定冠词the,后面的单词month是名词。句意为:但我相信四月是那里一年中最热的月份。故答案为hottest。

  52. 句意为:我想知道这与云南傣族的泼水节是否相似。答案为similar to,意为“与……相似”。

  53. 句意为:人们走在街上互相泼水。答案为each other,意为“彼此、互相”。

  54. 此句是特殊疑问句,根据下文“Because the new year is ...”可知,答案为why。

  55. and前后是并列关系,根据cleaning 可知,答案为washing away。句意为:因为新年是打扫和洗刷掉不好的东西的时机。

  (四)选择句子补全对话

  选择句子补全对话一般是7选5,即对话内容设5个空,对话后的方框中给出7个选项,其中有2个选项是多余的。有的试卷中这种题型采用“5选5”的模式(如2015年娄底卷);也有的采用“10选8”的模式(如2015年哈尔滨卷)。

  中考实例:

  (2015年安徽卷)根据对话内容,从方框内的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,其中有两个选项为多余选项。

  A: It is such a lovely day. I love sunshine.

  B: 66

  A: I hope it stays like this.

  B: 67

  A: Is the weather usually like this here?

  B: A bit hotter than today.

  A: 68

  B: Its pretty cold and it often snows in winter. 69

  A: A lot like the weather here, not too hot or cold.

  B: I heard it rains a lot. 70

  A: Mmm, yes. It rains but not any more than other places.

  [A. I hope so, too.

  B. Whats the weather like in winter?

  C. Is that true?

  D. I dont think so.

  E. Thank you for your kindness.

  F. Yes, its really a nice and bright day.

  G. What about your hometown?]

  试题解析:

  通读全文可知,此段对话是以“天气”为话题展开交流。

  66. 根据上文句意“多好的天气!我喜欢阳光”可知,答案为F。句意为:是的,这真是美好而晴朗的一天。

  67. 根据上文句意“我希望天气一直这样”可知答案为A。句意为:我也希望如此。

  68. 根据下文“冬天相当冷,经常下雪”可知,上文需要选择一个询问“冬天天气情况”的疑问句,答案为B。句意为:冬天的天气怎么样?

  69. 根据后文句意“很像这里的天气,既不太冷也不太热”可知,这一句应该是询问对方家乡的天气情况,答案为G。句意为:你的家乡天气怎么样呢?

  70. 根据后文“Mmm, yes.”可知,这一句是一般疑问句,结合前一句“我听说经常下雨”可知答案为C。句意为:是真的吗?

  二、解题点拨

  (一)通览全文,确定话题

  首先通读对话,了解对话的基本内容和交际情景,确定此题目属于哪一类交流话题,如打电话、问路、购物、看病、邀请、约会、就餐、谈论喜好等,这些不同的场景有其特定的习惯表达方式和惯用句式。做题时应该运用相关的常用句式,这样才会得心应手。

  (二)结合语境,逐句推敲

  在弄清楚话题的基础上,要细读对话,充分利用已知的有效信息,摸清对话发生的地点、时间、人物的身份等。要注意对话中的标点符号(如问号、句号、省略号、感叹号等)暗示的意思,由易到难,逐层深入,先将有把握的答案确定下来,暂时放下不能确定下来的答案,然后回过头来再解决难题。如果是选择题,则在选择过程中注意把已选出的选项划去,避免重复选择带来的错误。

  (三)瞻前顾后,通盘考虑

  要从整体理解对话出发,依照上下文的关系来考虑补缺单词、短语或句子。因此一定要注意前后照应,密切关注上下文之间的关系。如在看病时,上句问“Whats the matter with you?”或“Whats wrong with you?”,下句就应该是“I have got a cough / headache / cold ...”等,这样前后对照,才能使上下文相呼应。

  (四)复读对话,核对答案

  做完之后,再将整段对话通读一遍,看看对话是否通顺、流畅、自然,单词的拼写是否有误,语法结构和习惯用语搭配是否正确,全篇对话是否连贯、流畅,内容是否清晰,前后意思是否矛盾,书写是否工整、规范。

  三、备考建议

  补全对话是近年来中考考查的热点,其考查的内容和形式越来越丰富,试题的综合性明显增强,涉及的知识面也越来越广,包括西方国家的风土人情、文化等。建议同学们在复习过程中做好以下几点:

  (一)重温课本

  牢固掌握初中英语教材中出现的30个交流项目以及它们各自特定的习惯表达方式和惯用句型。如对购物、打电话、问路、看病等有关话题要反复练习。

  (二)掌握固定句式和用法

  熟练掌握常见句式,最好能完全背诵下来,虽然试题中的补全对话有变化,但基本上都不会脱离课文中对话的原形。

  (三)加强训练

  在掌握话题与句式的基础上,同学们要有针对性地做一些练习题,灵活应用所学句式来解决实际问题,不断提高语言应用的能力。

  【跟踪训练】

  (一)(2015年厦门卷)

  根据对话情景,填入适当的单词。

  A: Excuse me. Could you help me?

  B: 66. ______. What can I do for you?

  A: Well, Id like to exchange this CD.

  B: Whats wrong 67. ______ it?

  A: My grandson gave it to me as a birthday 68. ______. Its his favorite music ... but its too 69. ______ for me. I want something quieter.

  B: Im really sorry, but there are no exchange on CDs after theyve been 70. ______.

  (二)(2015年哈尔滨卷)

  填入一个适当的词补全对话,每空一词。

  A: Hello, is that Tom speaking?

  B: Hello, this is Tom.

  A: Have you made a plan for this weekend?

  B: Not yet. Im 59 busy to think about it. What is your idea?

  A: What about playing basketball at the City Gym this Saturday?

  B: Good idea. When shall we meet?

  A: Lets 60 it 8:00 a.m.

  B: All right. 61 are we going to meet?

  A: At the bus stop near our school.

  B: How 62 does it take to go to the gym by bus?

  A: About half an hour.

  B: Why not go there by subway? The traffic may be very awful on Saturday morning.

  A: I cant agree with you 63 . Then we can meet at the subway station.

  B: Do you know what the 64 will be like that day?

  A: The radio says it will be rainy.

  B: 65 better take umbrellas with us.

  A: OK. I think well have fun together. Im looking forward to that. See you.

  B: See you.

  (三)(2015年娄底卷)

  通读下列对话,然后根据上下文补全对话内容。

  A: 66. ______________. Could you please tell me how to get to Wanhao Square?

  B: Sure. Go along Changqing Street and turn left at the first crossing. Then go straight on, and youll see the KFC. The square is across from it.

  A: 67. _______________?

  B: Its about 10 minutes walk.

  A: I see. 68. ___________________?

  B: Yes, you can. The No.3 bus will take you there.

  A: By the way, is there a cinema near Wanhao Square?

  B: 69. ________________. Zuoan Cinema is on the top floor.

  A: Thank you very much.

  B: 70. ___________________.

  (四)(2015年江西卷)

  阅读下面对话,根据对话内容补上所缺句子,使对话通顺、合理,意思完整。每空一句。

  (D=Darren, C=Carol)

  D: Hi, Carol! 81

  C: Oh, hi, Darren. Im just getting ready for the Red Nose Day concert tomorrow.

  D: Oh really? Well, Im free this afternoon.

  82

  C: Actually, Ive nearly finished. Jim and I are going to put up some ads later, though. Could you please help us with that?

  D: 83

  C: Thats wonderful! Oh, theres one more thing. Would you mind coming early tomorrow to help sell tickets at the door?

  D: Not at all. 84

  C: Around six would be great.

  D: OK. 85

  C: Great. Thanks, Darren.

  (五)(2015年黄冈卷)

  根据对话内容,从方框内的选项中,选择5个恰当的句子完成对话,并将所选句子前的字母代号写在答题卡上的相应题号后。

  (Nancy comes to Huanggang for a tour. She meets Li Fei in the street.)

  N: Good afternoon! Im Nancy. Nice to meet you!

  L: Nice to meet you, too. Im Li Fei.

  72. _________

  N: Yes. I hear Huanggang is a beautiful city. By the way, where are you going?

  L: Im going to relax myself by West Lake. 73. _________

  N: Sure, Id love to.

  (Ten minutes later.)

  N: Look! There are so many people boating on the lake. Why?

  L: 74. _________ Qu Yuan was a great poet in ancient China. On that day, we also throw zongzi into the lake or river.

  N: Sounds very interesting. 75. _________

  L: Youre welcome. Oh, Nancy. I have to leave now. Ill prepare for tomorrows final exam.

  N: 76. _________ Goodbye!

  L: Bye-bye!

  [A. Would you like to go there with me?

  B. When did you come to Huanggang?

  C. Oh, theyre preparing for tomorrows Dragon Boat Festival in memory of Qu Yuan.

  D. OK. Good luck to you!

  E. Are you on a vacation here?

  F. Could you tell me something about Dragon Boat Festival?

  G. Thank you for telling me a lot.]

  (六)(2015年重庆A卷)

  阅读下面对话,从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的句子完成此对话。

  A: Hello, Bob! How is it going?

  B: Hello, Kate! 66 And you?

  A: Very well. Whats your plan for the summer?

  B: I had a Chinese course last year, and Id like to go on with it this summer.

  A: How was the course? 67

  B: Yes. It seemed that way at first. But after a while it became easier.

  A: You were the best in the class, right?

  B: I did get an A. Well, could you tell me your summer plan? 68

  A: No, not this summer. 69

  B: That must be very interesting. Can I go with you?

  A: 70 Oh, there comes the bus! Good-bye!

  B: Bye-bye! [A. I plan to go to Africa next summer.

  B. Will you travel somewhere interesting?

  C. Where do you come from?

  D. Is Chinese very difficult?

  E. Im OK.

  F. Traveling is very expensive.

  G. No problem. ]

  (七)(2014年南京卷)

  根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空,使对话内容完整正确。

  [looked at while traditional place all over ]

  A: Youve been to Australia, havent you?

  B: Yea, I have. I was working in Australia for a year and I traveled 51 the country.

  A: What kind of work were you doing?

  B: I was teaching Chinese 52 things—kung fu and paper cut in a school.

  A: Did you see kangaroos?

  B: Yes. One weekend, I was driving in the countryside. I saw a kangaroo jumping right to my car! When I stopped the car, it stopped jumping and 53 me. Then I saw it was carrying its baby in its front.

  A: What was the best place you visited in Australia?

  B: Uluru! It is a red mountain in the desert. Its a very special 54 for Australians.

  A: Did you miss your family 55 you were in Australia?

  B: Yes, I missed them, but I never forget the experience in Australia!

  Key:

  (一)66. Sure 67. with 68. gift 69. noisy 70. opened (注:第66~70题可能存在多种答案)

  (二)59. too 60. make 61. Where 62. long 63. more 64. weather 65. Wed

  (三)66. Excuse me

  67. Whats the distance / How far (is it from here)

  68. Can I take a bus to go there / Can I get there by bus

  69. Yes (, there is)

  70. Youre welcome

  (四)81. What are you doing?

  82. Can I help you? / What can I do for you? / Can I give you a hand? / Is there anything I can do for you? / Do you need help? / Can I do something for you?

  83. Of course. / OK. / All right. / Id love to. / Sure. / Certainly. / No problem. / With pleasure.

  84. What time? / When? / What time shall I be there? / When shall I come? / What time shall we meet?

  85. See you then. / Ill be there on time. / Lets meet at 6. / See you at 6 tomorrow.

  (五)72~76 EACGD

  (六)66~70 EDBAG

  (七)51. all over 52. traditional 53. looked at 54. place 55. while

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